If you still have problems about prepositions. Here is a simple way to express some of them.


Link the verbal times to the correspondent explanation


phrasal verbs

phrasal verbmeaningexample sentence
ask sby outinvite on a dateBrian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask aroundask many people the same questionasked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up tosthgequalYour purchases add up to $205.32.
back sthg upreverseYou'll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back sby upsupportMy wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow upexplodeThe racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow sthg upadd airWe have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break downstop functioning (vehicle, machine)Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break downget upsetThe woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break sthgdowndivide into smaller partsOur teacher broke the final projectdown into three separate parts.
break inforce entry to a buildingSomebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break intosthgenter forciblyThe firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
break sthginwear sthg a few times so that it doesn't look/feel newI need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break ininterruptThe TV station broke in to report the news of the president's death.
break upend a relationshipMy boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
break upstart laughing (informal)The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break outescapeThe prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren't looking.
break out insthgdevelop a skin conditionbroke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring sbydownmake unhappyThis sad music is bringing me down.
bring sby upraise a childMy grandparents brought me upafter my parents died.
bring sthgupstart talking about a subjectMy mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
bring sthgupvomitHe drank so much that he broughthis dinner up in the toilet.
call aroundphone many different places/peopleWe called around but we weren't able to find the car part we needed.
call sbybackreturn a phone callcalled the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call sthg offcancelJason called the wedding off because he wasn't in love with his fiancé.
call on sbyask for an answer or opinionThe professor called on me for question 1.
call on sbyvisit sbyWe called on you last night but you weren't home.
call sby upphoneGive me your phone number and I willcall you up when we are in town.
calm downrelax after being angryYou are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care forsby/ sthgnot like (formal)I don't care for his behaviour.
catch upget to the same point as sby elseYou'll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check inarrive and register at a hotel or airportWe will get the hotel keys when wecheck in.
check outleave a hotelYou have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.
check sby/ sthg outlook at carefully, investigateThe company checks out all new employees.
check outsby/ sthglook at (informal)Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer upbecome happierShe cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer sby upmake happierI brought you some flowers to cheeryou up.
chip inhelpIf everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean sthguptidy, cleanPlease clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come acrosssthgfind unexpectedlycame across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apartseparateThe top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down with sthgbecome sickMy nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
come forwardvolunteer for a task or to give evidenceThe woman came forward with her husband's finger prints.
come fromsome placeoriginate inThe art of origami comes from Asia.
count onsby/ sthgrely onI am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross sthgoutdraw a line throughPlease cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back onsthgconsume lessMy doctor wants me to cut back onsweets and fatty foods.
cut sthgdownmake sthg fall to the groundWe had to cut the old tree in our yarddown after the storm.
cut ininterruptYour father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut inpull in too closely in front of another vehicleThe bus driver got angry when that car cut in.
cut instart operating (of an engine or electrical device)The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut sthg offremove with sthg sharpThe doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut sthg offstop providingThe phone company cut off our phone because we didn't pay the bill.
cut sby offtake out of a willMy grandparents cut my father offwhen he remarried.
cut sthg outremove part of sthg (usually with scissors and paper)cut this ad out of the newspaper.
do sby/ sthgoverbeat up, ransack (BrE, informal)He's lucky to be alive. His shop wasdone over by a street gang.
do sthg overdo again (AmE)My teacher wants me to do my essayover because she doesn't like my topic.
do away with sthgdiscardIt's time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do sthg upfasten, closeDo your coat up before you go outside. It's snowing!
dress upwear nice clothingIt's a fancy restaurant so we have todress up.
drop backmove back in a position/groupAndrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/ by/ overcome without an appointmentI might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.
drop sby/ sthg offtake sby/ sthg somewhere and leave them/it thereI have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
drop outquit a class, school etcdropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat outeat at a restaurantI don't feel like cooking tonight. Let'seat out.
end upeventually reach/do/decideWe ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apartbreak into piecesMy new dress fell apart in the washing machine.
fall downfall to the groundThe picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.
fall outseparate from an interiorThe money must have fallen out of my pocket.
fall out(of hair, teeth) become loose and unattachedHis hair started to fall out when he was only 35.
figure sthgoutunderstand, find the answerI need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill sthg into write information in blanks, as on a form (BrE)Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
fill sthg outto write information in blanks, as on a form (AmE)The form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill sthg upfill to the topI always fill the water jug up when it is empty.
find outdiscoverWe don't know where he lives. How can we find out?
find sthg outdiscoverWe tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.


Top 5 reasons to go on foreign exchange

Top 5 exchange studentWhile on exchange, exchange students will benefit from a multitude of unique life experiences which they might not have had in their native countries – to put that simply, exchange is eternally awesome! The following list includes our top five reasons why going on exchange is a worthwhile life experience.

5. Experience a new culture

While on exchange, one typically has the chance to thoroughly experience the culture of their host country. This occurs through direct application as a result of living with a family native to the region, going to school with true residents of the country, and through various other means. Most exchange students will find themselves completely immersed within a different culture once they have arrived in their host countries, due to differences in the cuisine, architecture, familial tradition, and even the ways in which people carry out conversation!  After having spent a significant amount of time within the host country, most exchange students will find that they have become accustomed to the culture of their host country and will find themselves essentially able to behave in the manner of a local. This excellent learning opportunity typically leaves an exchange student with better understanding for people of all sorts, and can really make young people feel as though they have become “citizens of the world.” After the return to one’s native country, an exchange student will likely enjoy sharing his or her new culture with those around them.
In addition to learning of the culture of the host country, many exchange students become familiar with the ways of life of people all around the world through meeting other exchange students. This is guaranteed to be amusing, and very interesting! (See Reason No. 3)

4. Learn a new language

While on exchange, students have the opportunity to learn a foreign language as they never had before. Bombarded in all directions by the host language after their arrival, young people will learn much more of that country’s tongue than they ever could sitting in a classroom. Being an exchange student is much like becoming a small child once again, and this provides the opportunity to become familiar with the language in the manner of a native speaker – although one may not always perfect the language before the end of their time within their host country, most individuals will find that they have become conversationally fluent if on a long-term exchange. Even short-term exchanges will make a significant difference in the student’s comprehension of the language of their host country, so long as the student is constantly willing to attempt to understand.  Being on exchange and learning a new language will aid students in the future by allowing them to explore new interests, and will likely also help widen the student’s range of future career options.

3. Meet new friends from all around the world

By being an exchange student you will meet friends from all around the world. Your exchange program will have meetings and trips for you where you get to meet other exchange students. It is so much fun when exchange students get together because you have so much in common. You will also meet tons of native friends in your exchange country that you will have a close relationship with for the rest of your life.
Most exchange organizations are present within multiple countries within the world; as a result, an exchange student will typically have the opportunity to meet other exchange students, from a variety of countries! Oftentimes, the program will involve various outings with other exchange students, which are typically quite fun and interesting – it is incredible to see hordes of people from numerous foreign regions interacting with one another, forming friendships and promoting cultural understanding. If several exchange students are situated within the same area in their host country, these individuals will often become great friends, and provide much support for one another during exchange. Being a foreign exchange student is one of the most challenging things a young person may ever experience, and it is wonderful to know people who are facing similar challenges during that time. The friendships one creates while on exchange are often very long-lasting – and studded with great memories!

2. Get a “second family”

A high school exchange student lives with a host family that takes care of you. They will take you to their heart and always welcome you as a member of their family. The attachment with a host family stays forever and will always be appreciated.
The majority of exchange students spend their time living within the home of one or more host families. These individuals are typically expected to act as more than just providers of food and a bed – as they have chosen to host an “exchange” student, most host families really want to create a setting in which they can “exchange” cultures, learning a little about the student’s way of life in his or her home country while helping them to grasp new language and experience the culture of the host country. Many exchange students forge a very strong relationship with at least one of their host families. Through regularly making an effort to become completely familiar with the people within one’s host family, some exchange students come to be seen as a true member of their “second family” and create a long-lasting relationship.

1. Personal development

While on exchange, students are confronted with challenges in everyday life that they will have never before experienced. Everything is new, as the student adjusts to life within a foreign place with a completely different language and culture. Although this may seem utterly frightening, the difficulties associated with everyday life during a year abroad can truly teach a person countless life lessons. At the end of the exchange period, young people typically possess a greater understanding of foreign cultures and diplomacy. Even better, the student will have accomplished something very unique for a person of their age – living independently for an extended period of time in a foreign country, without the aid of their natural parents. Being on exchange is always an emotional rollercoaster, but the moments that are good aren’t just “okay” – they are often amazing, unique, and beautiful all in one! In contrast, the sad components of exchange can truly feel like the end of the world. As a result of homesickness, feelings of alienation, or various other factors, exchange students may occasionally go through times of depression, but these must be ended through the student taking the initiative to go out and enjoy his or her amazing new life! Having enjoyed the good and survived the bad components of a year abroad, the student will return to their home country with newfound strength, confidence, and self-understanding.  Few other experiences can help young people to gain these qualities so early on in life – that is truly the magic of foreign exchange.


Good song, easy understanding.
Check up your doubts and we talk about it later.


Irregular Verbs

Check the irregular verbs and the form in the three forms.

Irregular verbs

Infinitive                          Past Tense                           Past Participle
Be                                     Was/were                               Been
Become                             Became                                  Become
Begin                                 Began                                    Begun
Bite                                    Bit                                         Bitten
Blow                                  Blew                                      Blown
Break                               Broke                                   Broken
Bring                                  Brought                                 Brought
Build                                  Built                                       Built
Buy                                   Bought                                  Bought
Catch                                 Caught                                   Caught
Choose                              Chose                                    Chosen
Come                                Came                                    Come
Cost                                  Cost                                      Cost
Cut                                    Cut                                        Cut
Dig                                     Dug                                        Dug
Do                                     Did                                        Done
Draw                                  Drew                                     Drawn
Drink                                 Drank                                   Drunk
Drive                                 Drove                                   Driven
Eat                                     Ate                                        Eaten
Fall                                     Fell                                       fallen
Feel                                    Felt                                       Felt
Find                                    Found                                    Found
Fly                                      Flew                                      Flown
Forget                               Forgot                                   Forgotten
Get                                    Got                                       Got/Gotten
Give                                  Gave                                     Given
Go                                     Went                                     Gone
Grow                                 Grew                                      Grown
Have                                 Had                                        Had
Hear                                  Heard                                      Heard
Hide                                   Hid                                         Hidden
Hit                                      Hit                                          Hit
Hold                                   Held                                       Held
Hurt                                    Hurt                                        Hurt
Keep                                  Kept                                       Kept
Lay                                     Lain                                        Lain
Leave                                 Left                                         Left
Lend                                   Lent                                        Lent
Let                                     Let                                         Let
Lie                                      Lay                                         Lain
Lose                                   Lost                                      Lost
Make                                 Made                                    Made
Mean                                   Meant                                    Meant
Meet                                    Met                                       Met
Paid                                     Paid                                      Paid
Put                                       Put                                        Put
Read                                   Read                                     Read
Ride                                     Rode                                      Ridden
Ring                                      Rang                                      Rung
Rise                                      Rose                                      Risen
Run                                      Ran                                       Run
Say                                       Said                                      Said
See                                       Saw                                       Seen
Sell                                       Sold                                      Sold
Send                                     Sent                                      Sent
Sew                                       Sewed                                  Sewn
Shine                                     Shone                                   Shone
Show                                     Showed                               Shown
Shut                                       Shut                                     Shut
Sing                                       Sang                                     Sung
Sit                                         Sat                                       Sat
Sleep                                    Slept                                    Slept
Speak                                   Spoke                                  Spoken
Spend                                   Spent                                   Spent
Stand                                     Stood                                   Stood
Steal                                      Stole                                     Stolen
Swear                                    Swore                                  Sworn
Swim                                     Swam                                   Swum
Take                                     Took                                    Taken
Teach                                     Taught                                  Taught
Tear                                       Tore                                     Torn
Tell                                        Told                                    Told
Think                                     Thought                              Thought
Throw                                    Threw                                  Thrown
Wear                                      Wore                                   Worn
Win                                        Won                                    Won
Write                                     Wrote                                  Written